In John 1:5, the apostle writes, “The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has comprehend it not.” That is from the King James Version.

In John 1:5, the apostle writes, “The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.” That is from the Revised Standard Version.

In John 1:5, the apostle writes, “The light shines in the dark, and the dark has never extinguished it.” That is from the God’s Word Version.

Now, I have just told you that the apostle wrote three different things, and each might be said to contradict the other two. Therefore, you might legitimately ask, “Worth, what did the apostle write?” Well, the truth is that the apostle wrote none of these three things, and the apostle wrote all of these three things. The apostle wrote none of these three things, because the apostle did not write in English. And the apostle wrote all three things, because the apostle did write in Greek. The three translations are different, because the Greek word “katalambanein,” may be correctly translated with any of three different words.

First, the word “katalambanein” may be translated by our English word, “comprehend,” meaning to comprehend something with the mind.

Therefore, St. John tells us that those who belong to the darkness will never be able to “comprehend with the mind,” what God has done in Jesus Christ. This is a recurring theme in the Bible. It reaches its apex in 1st Corinthians 1:21-25, when he says:

21 For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe. 22 For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, 23 but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles, 24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25 For the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.

The Jews stumble at the idea of the messiah on the cross, for they thought a man who was hanged on a tree to be cursed.

Some of us stumble at the idea that God can be as good as God has been to us in Jesus Christ. If one of us were God, and there were two farmers living on either side of a fence, and the farmer over here, believed in me, and served me, and my people, and the farmer living over there did not believe in me, and serve me and my people, when I made it rain, I would let it rain right up to the fence. God is not like that, for he makes the rain of his blessing fall on both sides of the fence, on the good and the bad, and nowhere is this more obvious than in the person of Jesus Christ. He died for the sins of the people on both sides of the fence, and rose again to give people on both sides of the fence a future and a hope, if only we will claim it.

Some of us stumble over the idea of our own goodness. While serving as a chaplain at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, I visited a number of times with a patient who had been a prominent politician in the state of Kentucky. He was old, and sick, and nearing death. One day he said to me, “I know I do not have long, but I have lived a good life, and I have helped a lot of people. If there is a God, and if there is a heaven, then God will let me in.” I said, “I hope you get in, too, for heaven would be a poorer place without you; but why take a chance on judgement? God offers us the free gift of eternal life in Jesus Christ.” I then shared with him a verse that most of us learned in Sunday school, John 3:16: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten son, that whoever believes in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life.”

And some of us stumble over the idea that God can changes us from children of darkness to children of light, but God does exactly that. I don’t know if you have noticed, but television has been taken over by shows like “Fixer Upper,” “the Property Brothers,” and “First Time Flippers.” The stars of the show buy up old houses that need work, and do the work, and then sell them on for a profit. Well God does the same thing with people. He looks at us and sees we need work. God buys us with a price, which is more precious than silver or gold. Then God fixes us up. He knocks down all the old walls that support our wrong attitudes and actions, and creates new open spaces for living, so that we can entertain the idea that the needs of others are just as important as our own. God does not sell us on, he keeps us as his property, but he does set us on a hill, or on a pedestal, so that others can see the great work that God does. As my old daddy used to say, “If God loves a rascal like me, God can certain love you.” And the God who loves us, will fix us up.

Finally, some of us stumble over the idea that the foolishness of God truly is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength, but it is all true. In the cross of Jesus Christ God demonstrates the wisdom of sacrifice, and shows us once for all that power is an expansive force: The more we give away, the more we have. Consider the life of the man Jesus, forgetting for a minute or two, though just for a minute or two, that Jesus was also the son of God.

He was born in an obscure village, the child of a poor peasant woman. He grew up in another obscure village where where he worked in a carpenter shop until he was thirty . Then for three years, he was an itinerate preacher. He never wrote a book; He never held an office; He never went to college; He never visited a big city; He never travelled more than two hundred miles from home. He did none of the things usually associated with greatness; He had no credentials but himself. When he was just thirty-three years old, the tide of public opinion turned against him. His friends ran away; and He was turned over to his enemies. He went through the mockery of a trial. He was condemned to death, and crucified between two thieves. While he was dying, his executioners gambled for his clothing, the only property he had on earth. When he was dead, He was laid in a borrowed grave. Now, almost twenty long centuries have come and gone, and today Jesus is the central figure of the human race, and the leader of humankind’s column of progress. And all the armies that have ever marched, and all the navies that have ever sailed, and all the parliaments that have ever sat; and all the kings and queens that ever reigned, put together, have not affected our life upon the earth as powerfully as this One Solitary Life.

We human beings just don’t get it, and we may never get it. The way to succeed is to find a need and fill it. The way to lead is by example. The way to lift people up, is get down to their level and serve them. In God’s economy, the way up is down, and the way down is up, because God humbles those who would exalt themselves, and exalts those who humble themselves. Of course, this is God’s way, not the way of the world, and the world has not and cannot comprehend it with the mind.

Some people are worried about the election, and beyond, primarily because both candidates have more than the normal share of hubris. Like you, I believe that one is better than the other, yet I am afraid of neither, because by faith I believe that God still reigns over the affairs of our world. According to the book of Daniel, Nebuchadrezzar once looked out over the city of Babylon saying, “Is this not mighty Babylon which I have built for the glory of my majesty.” And God struck him dumb that he ate grass like an ox. Don’t believe that? Then consider the nations. In the Hebrew Bible, our Old Testament, when one the of the nations of the world showed its hubris, God punished it by the other nations, and the nation God loved best, Israel, he punished worst.

2. There is a second way to translate the word, “katalambanein.” We can translate, “to comprehend with the hand, so as to overcome someone or something.”

This is power as the world knows it. In Matthew 26 the apostle writes that, when the temple soldiers came out by night to arrest Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane, where he had gone to pray with his friends, “they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him.” After laying hands of Jesus they turned him over to the authorities. The authorities put him on trial, and condemned him to death. The authorities hoped that the death of Jesus was the end of his influence, but they were wrong. In lifting Jesus up upon the cross they played into his hands. As Jesus himself said, “I, when I am lifted up, will draw all people to myself.”

The disciples of Jesus took his body from the cross and laid it in a borrowed tomb. Matthew tells us that the authorities set a guard on the tomb, to make it as secure as they possibly could; but, on the third day, God raised him from death and gave him a name that is above every name.”

I am told that the Japanese art of Jujitsu uses the aggressive power of an opponent to defeat the opponent. Well God is a master of Jujitsu. God uses the aggressive power of the Jewish leaders who rejected Jesus, and the aggressive power of the Romans who crucified Jesus, to lift up the name of Jesus around the world, and through the centuries. Of course, God did more than just lift up the name of Jesus. God lifted Jesus from death to life. Jesus defeated the last enemy, and turned a light on the darkness of the tomb. Jesus is the light of life, and no one has been able to overcome that light.

3. And that leads us to a final possibility for translating the word, “katalambanein.” It may be translated “to extinguish,” as when a man extinguishes a candle.

Every Christmas Eve for 28 years I have stood up here, in this pulpit, and repeated two things that Jesus said. First, I tell people how Jesus said, “I am the light of the world, and those who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” Then I tell people how Jesus also said:

And you are the light of the world…Let your light show shine 
before the people of this world that they may see your good works 
and give glory to your father who is in heaven.”

Then I invite people who wish to let their light shine in the year ahead, to lift their candles high, as we sing the final verse of the final hymn, “Christ the Lord, the Lord Most glorious.” At the close of the hymn, I always look over the congregation. I am enjoying the scene, but I am also looking for those who are reluctant to lift their candle. I have seen very few. Thus I am happy to say that, thus far, the darkness has not been able to overcome or extinguish the light. Of course, I am sad to say, that it is equal true that the darkness has not been able to comprehend it, either. There will always be some in the world who will laugh at the time, and treasure, and talent that we continue to lavish on service Jesus Christ. They simply do not understand that when we give anything to Jesus Christ, even a pinch, God gives it back to us, pressed down, shaken together, running over, double hands full.

The world is a dark place; some say that the world is darker now than ever before. If that is so, then let us remember that the stars only come out at night, and that it is always darkest just before the dawn. Our bright and morning star has already risen to show us the way back to the Father’s house. So, let us not waste the opportunity that has been set before us. Let us be the city on a hill that provides the world with both a navigational aid, and a destination. And let us be the light in the room, that cast its light and warmth to all who enter the house.

Let me close this series with the challenge that you continue to be the light. No matter how you shine, you shine, and the fact that you do is important. For the you are the light of the world, and the only Christ the world will see, is the Christ it sees in you and me. Let us endeavor to be “lights reflecting him our sun.”


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“Anyone who encounters Scripture should not suppose that the single one of its riches that [they have] found is the only one to exist; rather, [they] should realize that [they themselves are] only capable of discovering that one out of the many riches which exist in it.” (Ephrem the Syrian, Commentary on the Diatessaron)

Not my words, those of a Christian mystic. I could think of no better way of expressing the value of the study of scripture that can only happen within a community. Each one of us hears and drinks from our own experiences of scripture, but it is only when we gather and become the collected community, the cloud of witnesses to what scripture has to offer us – that we are able to truly know the richness of what we can find and come to know.

And it is this very sort of exploration of scripture, one that founds us in community, that I want to invite us into as we think about what it means to name education as an element of our stewardship. I’m not simply lifting up the importance or value of choosing to teach Sunday School or lead a smaller Bible study group – although some of you are learning that, yes, I will find you and ask you or seek to figure out what it is that you might be most uniquely able to offer others in our learning together. As I noted recently to the CE committee, for our Children and Youth programs to be fully staffed each Sunday Morning (and only Sunday Morning) I need 24 to 25 leaders every week. And this doesn’t count the many folks who take on leadership in Adult Sunday School classes.

I think it is critically important that we remember that it is a commitment of our time, talent, resources and energy to simply study scripture, spend time in a community of love and accountability, and to worship our God. And it is a choice that we have to engage each day because it asks that we set aside a portion of lives toward it.

Perhaps I am making this sound a bit too much like work… but I believe that this constancy of our engagement leads us to the first key trait that leads to lifelong learning as a manner of our stewardship: Persistence.

Luke shares with us one of Jesus’ parables and I have to share how a commentator on this passage recounts it because she gets right to the heart of it…
Who knew Jesus was a comedian too? It is not hard to imagine [Jesus’] listeners throwing their heads back and slapping their knees as they laugh at this ridiculous tale. A woman pound and pounds on the door of a rotten politician who could not care less about her plight, until finally he sticks his head out the window and shouts, “All right, already! Knock it off! I will give you whatever you want if you will just shut up!” They laugh because they know this woman. She always gets a raw deal, because she has nothing–no husband, no inheritance, no social standing. They know this judge too, the one who is only out for himself. No public servant, this one, so they guffaw at the idea of one of their own, this powerless woman, annoying the smarmy guy everyone loves to hate until, finally, he does something good in spite of himself.
Good story! They laugh, and then they sigh, and they remember that Jesus told them that this is what prayer is like. (Kimberly Bracken Long, Feasting on the Word)

Irreverent maybe, but her retelling certainly vivifies and breaths a realism into the text. This widow exemplifies persistence. That it is in holding constant, coming back time and again, never giving up hope that we find faith – not always the answer we seek or the problem we face being solved, but hope and faith.

And really, are we the persistent ones? The persistent widow sounds a great deal more like God in God’s quest of love being offered to all of creation.

Another author offers, “In a way, the widow in Jesus’ parable represents not only the need to pray always, as Luke puts it, but also the Spirit’s incessant work of encouraging us to pray, the Spirit’s nagging persistence and unrelenting perseverance.” (Margit Ernst-Habib, Feasting on the Word)

To those two readings of this parable, I’d offer up my own lens on it. Our persistence toward God matters very little when it remains exclusively between ourselves and God. When we seek to draw closer to God, stay at the task of prayer with this sort of persistence, our requests just might begin to change. In our coming to God, we must find ourselves reminded that to love God is to be drawn into loving the rest of what God has created.

And this is the parabolic nature of the parable, there are simply so many ways to view their meanings and just when we feel we have a handle on it, our view changes and we see something new.

Worth observed this week as I shared Chapel time with our Preschool… Since I’m new and it’s a new school year, it was easy to begin sharing the story portion of the Godly Play curriculum that we are working toward implementing for our Children’s Church. This month, I told them the Parable of the Good Shepherd, it is considered one of the foundational stories of Godly Play because it introduces what a parable is. Godly Play is called that because it introduces the Bible to young children experientially through physical materials they can work with, even before they can read, to enable them to tell the Biblical narrative. The parts of the Bible are laid out around the room, in physical space, just as you’d find them printed in your Bible. Parables are special and they have their own shelving unit, just for them.

Why? Well, humor me a minute, (you might also begin to understand why I love doing theology with children as much as I do adults) as we take a look at one of these special parable boxes.

What color is it? Gold. Why would a parable be painted gold?
What does it look like? A present. Why would a parable look like a present?
How do you open it? It has a lid. Why does a parable have a lid?

The parable of the persistent widow most certainly is all of these things. It is precious, like gold. It most certainly requires some unwrapping to see all the different nuances that are alive in this story that might, at first blush, seem so simple. And it has a lid, one that needs many times to be opened and pondered on in order to understand what is held inside.

But each of those ways of considering it comes back to the persistence of us as listeners returning time and again to drink from the fountain of this text.

I suggest that our next key trait toward lifelong learning is coming to our study of scripture with the eyes of our hearts open.

I like a Celtic Christian phrase I encountered several years ago on a pilgrimage to the island of Iona, Scotland. That we leave the doors of our hearts ajar. It lifts up the possibility that God may have something new, different or even radical for us to consider – and that we need to leave enough space for God to enter in and shed new light on the ancient words we study.

Since we began in Luke today, I want to point out that, “Luke is the only Gospel writer to include Mary’s hymn of praise, known traditionally as the Magnificat, in his birth narrative. He is also the only one, to end his account with a description of the ascension of Jesus. These two events frame a Gospel that is preoccupied with issues of power, making the case over and over that those on the margins of society are inheritors of the realm of God.” (Joyce Hollyday, Feasting on the Word, pp. 511-515)

So in light of the Luke-Acts lens, when we turn our attention toward the words of our Ephesians text this morning, a dramatic point emerges about the shifts in our perceptions of power that this enlightenment of the eyes of our hearts through Christ’s ascension ought to inspire or illuminate.

Reading this passage from Ephesians, with its backdrop of the ascension of Christ, hearing, “so that, with the eyes of your heart enlightened, you may know what is the hope to which he has called you,” (v.18)
…it becomes the culmination of a prophetic call to the nations to repent from exploiting the poor, rather than simply a promise of personal atonement. The term for forgiveness in the Greek is literally and technically a term for liberation from captivity, or repayment or cancellation of financial obligation. … we need look no further than Luke’s version of the Lord’s Prayer in consideration of this, which reads: ‘Forgive us our sins, as we ourselves forgive everyone indebted to us.’” (Peter J. B. Carman, Feasting on the Word, pp. 516-520)

When we read of this return of Jesus to God in the letter to the Ephesian community tied so closely to the prayers to God that those in the community may know God through Jesus’ ministry and have the eyes of their hearts be enlightened, lifts up the concept that we must learn to see the world through this very different set of lenses that Jesus has introduced to us. How do we acquire this different vision?

“[The recently retired] Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, tries to explain it in this way: imagine what it is like when you first wake up in the morning. When you put on the light, all you are conscious of is the brightness of the light itself. Only gradually do your eyes adjust sufficiently to the light that you are able to make out other objects. After a few moments, however, you cease to be conscious of the light itself, and start to see what else is in the room, as it is illumined by the light. The Gospel accounts of Jesus’ resurrection, says Williams, show him to have been like that initial morning light: at first Jesus’ resurrected self was so blinding that the disciples could be conscious only of him. The ascension, however, is that moment when the light itself recedes into the background, so that Jesus becomes the one through whom we see the rest of the world. ‘He is the light we see by; we see the world in a new way because we see it through him, see it with his eyes.’” (Joseph H. Britton, Feasting on the Word, pp. 510 – 514)

The Ascension matters. Christ returns to the universal being of God and in so doing becomes woven into the fabric of all that is in creation, becoming the “fullness of the one who fills everything in every way” (v. 23). Christ has come to us, bringing tidings of the country of our soul, the far country that we are born trying to remember. It takes much listening and deep curiosity to stay in the quest for the God of our creation. It is in this movement of the ascension that now we, as the disciples were in that original moment then, are invited to view all of the world through the eyes of Jesus. Imagine it as an explosion of love showering down around us, giving us a new lens through which to move through the world. It is in this different view, with the eyes of our heart opened, with the knowledge of that far country of God, that we become able to engage the world in the ways Jesus always calls us to.

As soon as I read Rowan Williams metaphor of the light, I immediately thought of the chorus of a song by Bob Schneider:
The world exploded into love all around me
And everytime I take a look around me
I have to smile

“If all things are now filled by Christ’s presence, then the consequence for Christian living is that nothing and no one can be taken as insignificant or of no importance. Our commitment to God means that we are also committed to what God is committed to: the whole of creation, as it has been filled by Christ’s presence.” (Joseph H. Britton, Feasting on the Word, pp. 510 – 514)

This insight or illumination into God’s commitment to all of creation, of the worth and worthiness of all that is in it, through the eyes of Jesus is a knowledge that doesn’t come in a flash. Just as Williams metaphor of a light turned on in the morning, it takes the passage of time not to be blinded by it. Or even in Schneider’s explosion of love, the sparks and embers drift gradually into our awareness, always seeing something more that points toward this loveliness that is possible, bringing a smile, a warmth, as it is seen. This knowledge is one that progresses, it is a formative process, it “is about being shaped and fashioned over time. … there is a participatory, communal element to Christian faith that enlightens the eyes of the heart. … [it] is learned and lived within community and expressed through relationships.” (Paul “Skip” Johnson, Feasting on the Word, pp. 510-514)

And that learning and living within community, of an enlightenment for the eyes of the heart being expressed through relationship, it leads us to our final key trait for lifelong learning this morning: Patience.

We turn now to the second letter to Timothy – a letter filled with advice for him in his ministry. And what we hear is that:
“Authority in matters of truth and doctrine does not come from charismatic speakers who might charm an audience, or from propositions that might ease one’s way of living; instead, authentic authority comes from the experience and insights of those who have lived their faith and shared it with the church. It is their instruction, their model of fidelity and insight, to which Timothy [and ourselves are] urged to turn.” (Joseph L. Price, Feasting on the Word)

Where I want to point us in this passage is the simple little phrase, “with the utmost patience in teaching”. Much of what we hear in this passage might very well overwhelm us, make us step back from the challenge of the teaching task. We hear all the ways that teaching is critical, but also that teaching properly is a task that may not always be received as well as we might like, that we are held to such a high standard. But how can we engage in lifelong learning if there aren’t those who step into this task, who recognize the gifts, the fruits of the harvest, that can only come to us when we step into the role of teacher.

This trait of patience isn’t just for the challenge of the teaching task, it is patience for ourselves as student teachers, servant leaders. Whether attentive to it or not, each of us as we come into community, are teaching. We are demonstrating to one another the message that brings us all here – that God’s presence can be found here, that we feel led to carry the inspiration of God into our lives and the world we live in, that we are bearers of Christ’s light.

And not only this, but our patience is one of the only ways we have to cope with the tensions of being in community because it is always difficult… it is challenging to uplift the value of remaining in relationship even when we may disagree – this is part of why Timothy receives this letter, a method of encouragement in his work though some are neglecting his teaching.

Becoming attentive to all the ways our lives are teaching everyday requires a great deal of patience with ourselves. Patience to quiet the storm of thoughts and information that we attempt to make sense of each day, patience to sit down and try to push aside our work – meaningful though it may be – and hear the questions of the youngest in our midst. It is the patience required to recognize that God asks us to teach through our lives as long as we shall live – not always in formal ways, but that we have need to engage in the life of the whole community, to share and spread our roots as wide as we can. That in teaching there will always be learning, new insights and understandings to be sipped from the fountain of scripture and God’s grace.

It is why we hear in this letter to Timothy that is not just what we have learned, it is knowing all the ones from whom you have learned it. And so the utmost patience in teaching leads us back into community… and so I have a story to share – a praise for just this kind of patience we are asked to bring in the stewardship of our lifelong learning.

Tom Nelson was one of the gentlemen who touched base with Dawn Sides this Summer about volunteering with Vacation Bible School. Tom corrected my false assumption recently, sharing that he just thought it would be fun to help and so offered his help – not that he had been recruited to participate. In telling me about his experience with the children at VBS, a rather active group with lots of little boys in it, he shared that one day as they were moving between activities he felt one warm little boy hand slide into his. Before he could even respond, he felt a different little hand slide into his other hand. As they were walking along, a third boy in the group came up looking to join in – one of the young gentlemen informed this newcomer, “Both his hands are taken now, you’ll just have to hold my hand instead.”

This is the patience that I am lifting up in this passage – that in pursuit of the sort of lifelong learning each of us is asked to live out – there is unexpected beauty and new revelations to be found if we take the time and have the patience to engage it. That God is always breathing life into God’s word. We have to let it breathe and be participants in a community that can, through allowing God’s word to breathe, breathe new life into us.

Through persistence, keeping the eyes of our hearts open, and patience we are able to, as Charles Spurgeon offers us, “deal with God’s word – not merely to contemplate it, or to study it, as a student does; but to live on it, as [a] squirrel lives on his tree. Let it be you, spiritually, your house, your home, your food, your medicine, your clothing, the one essential element of your soul’s life and growth.” (Charles H. Spurgeon, sermon preached at the Tabernacle, London, Autobiography, rev. ed. (London: Banner of Truth Trust, 1973), p. 218.)

“We cannot segregate God’s word from the historical reality in which it is proclaimed. It would not then be God’s word. It would be history, it would be a pious book, a Bible that is just a book in our library. It becomes God’s Word because it vivifies, enlightens, contrasts, repudiates, praises what is going on today in this society.” (Oscar Romero)

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